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口语写作中不可望文生义的特殊词组

写作
英语的词组组合与搭配,稍微改变一个介词,就可能改变整个词组
<p><img alt='口语写作中不可望文生义的特殊词组' src="https://dxz-prod-1252753627.cos.ap-beijing.myqcloud.com/resource/img/pub/article/95662d3cd9f563d571e0a40272897899jpeg" style="max-width:100%;"></p><p><strong>例如“take example by”(以……为榜样,借鉴……)与“take example for”(以……为例子)两个词组,仅仅是介词的不同,所表达的意思并不一致。当然,除了介词的变化引起短语含义变化之外,还有一些不可望文生义的特殊词组。以下罗列了其中一部分,希望同学们在写作和口语中要格外留意:</strong></p><p><strong>1. China policy</strong><b> </b><strong></strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>对华政策﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>中国政策﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚ </strong></p><p><strong>2. Chinese dragon </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><a name="OLE_LINK2"></a><a name="OLE_LINK1"><strong>麒麟﹙</strong></a><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>中国龙﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚ </strong></p><p><strong>3. American beauty </strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>玫瑰花名:美国丽人﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:6.8pt;mso-char-indent-count: .5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>  </strong><strong>美国美女﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong><b></b></p><p><strong>4. English disease </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>软骨病﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>英国病﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚ </strong></p><p><strong>5. Indian summer </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>愉快宁静的晚年﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>印度的夏日﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚ </strong></p><p><strong>6. Greek gift </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>别有用心的礼物﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>希腊礼物﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚ </strong></p><p><strong>7. Spanish athlete </strong><strong>吹牛的人</strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>吹牛者﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>西班牙运动员﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚ </strong></p><p><strong>8. French chalk </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>滑石粉﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>法国粉笔﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚ </strong></p><p><b>9. do the business  </b></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>解决问题,达到目的﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>做生意﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚ </strong></p><p><b>10. French leave</b></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>不辞而别﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>法国式离开﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚ </strong></p><p><strong>11. pull one's leg</strong><b> </b><strong></strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><a name="OLE_LINK4"></a><a name="OLE_LINK3"><strong>开玩笑﹙</strong></a><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>拖后腿﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚ </strong></p><p><b>12. kick the bucket</b></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>戏谑说法:翘辫子,死了﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>踢水桶﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚ </strong></p><p><strong>13. in one's birthday suit</strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>赤身裸体﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>穿生日礼服﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚ </strong></p><p><b>14. <strong>eat one's words</strong></b></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>收回前言﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>食言﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚ </strong><b></b></p><p><strong>15. an apple of love</strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>西红柿﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>爱情之果﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong><b></b></p><p><strong>16. handwriting on the wall </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>不祥之兆﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>大字报﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong><b></b></p><p><strong>17. bring down the house</strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>博得满堂喝彩﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>推到房子﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong><b></b></p><p><strong>18. have a fit</strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>勃然大怒﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>试穿﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong><b></b></p><p><strong>19. make one's hair stand on end</strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>恐惧:令人毛骨悚然﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>气愤:令人发指﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>20. be taken in </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>受骗,上当﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>被接纳﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong><b></b></p><p><strong>21. think a great deal of oneself </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>高看自己﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>为自己考虑很多﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>22. pull up one's socks </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>鼓起勇气﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>提袜子﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong><b></b></p><p><strong>23. have the heart to do </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>忍心做……﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>有心做……,有意做……﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>24. What a shame! </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>多可惜!真遗憾!﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>真可耻!﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong><b></b></p><p><strong>25. You don't say! </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>是吗!﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>你闭嘴!﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong><b></b></p><p><strong>26. You can say that again! </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>说得好!﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>你再说一遍!﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong><b></b></p><p><strong>27. I haven't slept better. </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>我睡得好极了。﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>我从没睡过好觉。﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong><b></b></p><p><strong>28. You can't be too careful in your work. </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>你工作越仔细越好。<a name="OLE_LINK6"></a><a name="OLE_LINK5">﹙</a></strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong><strong>  </strong></p><p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:20.35pt;mso-char-indent-count: 1.5;line-height:19.2pt"><strong>你工作不能太仔细。<a name="OLE_LINK8"></a><a name="OLE_LINK7">﹙</a></strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong><strong></strong></p><p><strong>29. You cannot pay more attention to your study. </strong></p><p><a name="OLE_LINK10"></a><a name="OLE_LINK9"><strong>   </strong></a><strong>你学习再怎么用心也不为过。﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>你不能那么用心学习。﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong><b></b></p><p><strong>30. It has been 4 years since I smoked. </strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>我戒烟四年了。﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>我抽烟四年了。﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong><b></b></p><p><b>31. <strong>All his friends did not turn up. </strong></b></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>他的朋友没有全部到。﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>他的朋友全部没有到。﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>32. People will be long forgetting her. </strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>人们在很长时间内会记住她。﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>人们会永远忘记她。﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>33. He was only too pleased to let them go. </strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>他很乐意让他们走。﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>他太高兴了,不愿让他们走。﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>34. It can't be less interesting. </strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>它无聊极了。﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>它不可能没有趣。﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>35. black art </strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>妖术﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>黑色艺术﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>36. black stranger </strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>完全陌生的人﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>陌生的黑人﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>37. white coal </strong></p><p><strong>    </strong><strong>作为动力来源的水﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>    </strong><strong>白煤﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>38. white man </strong></p><p><strong>    </strong><strong>忠实可靠的人﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>    </strong><strong>白种人,白色皮肤的人﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>39. yellow book </strong></p><p><strong>    </strong><strong>黄皮书(法国政府报告书,黄纸为封)﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>    </strong><strong>黄色书籍﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>40. red tape </strong></p><p><strong>    </strong><strong>官僚习气,繁文缛节﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>    </strong><strong>红色磁带﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>41. green hand </strong><strong>新手(不是“绿手”)</strong></p><p><strong>    </strong><strong>新手,菜鸟﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>    </strong><strong>绿手﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>42. blue stocking</strong></p><p><strong>    </strong><strong>女学者,女才子﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>    </strong><strong>蓝色长筒袜﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>43. personal remark</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>人身攻击﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>个人评论﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>44. sweet water</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>淡水﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>糖水,甜水﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>45. confidence man</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>骗子﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>信得过的人﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>46. criminal lawyer</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>刑事律师﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>犯罪的律师﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>47. service station </strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>加油站﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>服务站﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>48. dressing room </strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>化妆间﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>试衣间,更衣间﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>49. answer the nature’s call</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>上厕所﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>响应自然的召唤﹙×﹚</strong></p><p><strong>50.  do one’s business on the street</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>随地大小便﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>街上做生意,街上处理事情,街上摆摊﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>51. horse sense</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>常识﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>马的感觉﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>52. capital idea</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>好主意﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>资本主义思想﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><b>53. capital punishment</b></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>极刑﹙</strong><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>首要处罚﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>54. familiar talk</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><a name="OLE_LINK12"></a><a name="OLE_LINK11"><strong>庸俗的交谈﹙</strong></a><strong>√</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>熟悉的谈话﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p><strong>55. invaluable asset</strong></p><p style="text-indent: 0px;"><strong style="text-indent: 20.35pt;">   宝贵的人才﹙</strong><strong style="text-indent: 20.35pt;">√</strong><strong style="text-indent: 20.35pt;">﹚</strong></p><p><strong>   </strong><strong>无用的人才﹙</strong><strong>×</strong><strong>﹚</strong></p><p> </p><p><b> </b></p><p><b>大家如果有关于雅思托福考试的问题,欢迎咨询姚老师</b></p>
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