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问题索解性策略——如何抓到定位的线索?

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难点突破
分析探讨考题中隐含的“多个”定位线索
<p>有的时候Summary题是第2或第3道题,根据考题位置与文章阅读顺序基本一致的规律,似乎可知定位点应在文章的中部或靠近末尾。但有时文章长,段落多,即便知道大致方向也要一顿好找。遇到这种情况,考生应该怎么办呢?本文将以</p><p>Pulling strings to build pyramids这篇阅读真题为例,分析如何从考题中识别出更多的线索以实现快速定位。</p><p>由题编号8-13可知,这道summary是此篇阅读理解的第二题,定位点推测可能在文章的中后部。那么问题来了,阅读题干,你觉得哪些词能够帮助定位呢?先自己想一想。</p><p>Questions 8-13</p><p><i>Complete the summary below.</i></p><p><i>Choose <b>NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS</b> from the passage for each answer.</i></p><p><i>Write your answers in boxes<b> 8-13</b> on your answer sheet.</i></p><p align="center"><b>Additional evidence for theory of kite-lifting</b></p><p>The Egyptians had <b>8 </b><u>       </u>which could lift large pieces of <b>9<u> </u></b><u>      </u>and they knew how to use the energy of the wind from their skill as <b>10 </b><u>       </u>. </p><p>The discovery on one pyramid of an object which resembled a <b>11 </b><u>      </u>suggests they may have experimented with <b>12<u> </u></b><u>       </u>. </p><p>In addition, over two thousand years ago kites were used in China as weapons, as well as for sending <b>13 </b><u>        </u>.</p><p>我相信大部分的同学会对wind energy, China, weapons, discovery有感觉,从而定位到文章的倒数第2自然段。</p><p>Others feel there is more of a case for the theory. Harnessing the <b><u>wind</u></b> would not have been a problem for accomplished sailors like the Egyptians. And they are known to have used wooden pulleys, which could have been made strong enough to bear the weight of massive blocks of stone. In addition, there is some physical evidence that the ancient Egyptians were interested in flight. A wooden artefact <b><u>found</u></b> on the step pyramid at Saqqara looks uncannily like a modern glider. Although it dates from several hundred years after the building of the pyramids, its sophistication suggests that the Egyptians might nave been developing ideas of flight for a long time. And other ancient civilisations certainly knew about kites; as early as 1250 BC, the <u>Chinese</u> were using them to deliver messages and dump flaming debris on their foes.</p><p>除此之外,还有别的更好的线索吗?为了方便找到线索,在此我将文章的标题、副标题,summary考题的标题放到一块儿,同时翻译出关键词再让你看一次。</p><p>文章标题:Pulling strings to build pyramids    扯线   修建   金字塔</p><p>文章副标题:<i>No one knows exactly how the pyramids were built. Marcus Chown reckons the answer could be 'hanging in the air'. </i>没人知道   如何修建   猜测   答案   “悬停在空中”</p><p>Summary考题标题:<b>Additional evidence for theory of kite-lifting   </b><b>更多   </b><b>证据   </b><b>风筝   </b><b>搬运    </b><b>理论</b></p><p> </p><p>我们知道,人脑在接受碎片化的信息时候会自动将其整合,粘连,并赋予意义。所以咱们把这些零碎的信息粘到一块儿之后就是:更多的证据支持了使用风筝修建金字塔的理论。考生带着这个推测,再读文章的中后部,就很快能发现倒数第二段第一句话这个定位点了。<b><u>Others feel there is more of a case for the theory. </u></b>Harnessing the wind would not have been a problem for accomplished sailors like the Egyptians. And they are known to have used wooden pulleys, which could have been made strong enough to bear the weight of massive blocks of stone. In addition, there is some physical evidence that the ancient Egyptians were interested in flight. A wooden artefact found on the step pyramid at Saqqara looks uncannily like a modern glider. Although it dates from several hundred years after the building of the pyramids, its sophistication suggests that the Egyptians might nave been developing ideas of flight for a long time. And other ancient civilisations certainly knew about kites; as early as 1250 BC, the Chinese were using them to deliver messages and dump flaming debris on their foes. 你学会了吗?</p>
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